the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21 Century Act (MAP-21),
Congress amended Federal transit law to require each operator of a public
transportation system to draft and carry out an ASP to reduce the likelihood of
safety events. The ASP will help operators better manage safety risk through
the development and implementation of a proactive Safety Management System
2008 to 2017, the National Transportation Safety Board reported on 13 rail
transit accidents that, collectively, resulted in 15 fatalities, 349 injuries,
and over $57 million in property damages. During that same period, bus and rail
transit agencies reported over 63,000 incidents, approximately 2,300
fatalities, and over 95,000 injuries to FTA’s National Transit Database (NTD).
In many cases, these safety events occurred after long periods of excellent
safety records, but underlying poor safety cultures, deficiencies in the
training and supervision of employees, deficiencies in the maintenance of
equipment and infrastructure, and the lack of proactive safety risk management
and oversight resulted in sudden catastrophic events.
this regulation, FTA intends to improve safety by guiding transit agencies to
more effectively and proactively manage safety risk in their systems and to
predict and reduce the frequency of these safety events.